Beta-Oxidation of Fatty Acids (odd chain)

View the 2-D version of this pathway.
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It should be noted, that all odd chain fatty acids can be oxidized using the same enzymes for even chain fatty acid beta-oxidation. However, unlike even chain fatty acids, odd chain fatty acids will yield ((n-3)/2) Acetyl-CoA and one three carbon acid, Propionyl-CoA, where n is the number of carbons in the odd chain fatty acid. Propionyl-CoA, is then further broken down using the pathway shown below.

Propionyl-CoA (3:0)

[The Metabolic Pathways of Biochemistry] - [Copyright © 1998 Karl J. Miller.]